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Veterinary Health Markets

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$2,500.00
Publication Date:
June 2014; Pages: 429


Description


Veterinary Health Sample

Veterinary health products, including veterinary pharmaceuticals, biologicals and medicated feed additives (MFAs), have transformed the health and welfare of livestock and companion animals worldwide. The range and complexity of animal health products continues to expand, encompassing anti-infectives, parasite controls, reproductive aids, metabolic drugs, feed additives, antibiotics, vaccines, topical solutions and imaging diagnostics as well as novel treatments for chronic conditions such as osteoarthritis, cardiovascular disease and even cancer. This TriMark Publications report provides a detailed analysis of the global veterinary health market, including common diseases in cattle, pigs, poultry, dogs, cats and horses; veterinary non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs); antibiotics; veterinary antifungal drugs; veterinary anthelmintics (parasiticides); veterinary biologics (vaccines); veterinary diagnostics; and animal feed additives. This report also provides a thorough analysis of the companies known to be marketing, manufacturing or developing veterinary health products as well as detailed tables and figures covering veterinary health markets around the globe.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.    Overview    19
1.1    Scope of this Report    19
1.2    Methodology    20
1.3    Executive Summary    21
1.4    Animal Health Industry Facts at a Glance    24

2.    Animal Diseases: An Overview    25
2.1    Diseases from Animals to Human Beings    25
2.2    Common Diseases in Cattle    25
2.3    Common Diseases in Pigs       27
2.4    Common Diseases in Poultry    29
2.5    Common Diseases in Pet Dogs    31
2.6    Common Diseases in Cats           32
2.6.1    Heart Diseases in Cats and Dogs    33
2.6.2    Immunization for Companion Animals    34
2.6.3    Ticks in Companion Animals    34
2.6.4    Fleas in Companion Animals    34
2.6.5    Worms in Companion Animals    34
2.6.6    Kidney Insufficiency in Companion Animals    35
2.6.7    Arthritis in Companion Animals    35
2.6.8    Pet Diabetes    35
2.6.9    Cancer and Cancer Therapy in Companion Animals    36
2.6.9.1    Types of Cancer Treatments    37
2.7    Common Diseases in Horses    38
2.7.1    Cushing’s Disease    38
2.7.2    Tetanus    38
2.7.3    Equine Encephalitis    39
2.7.4    West Nile Virus Diseases Caused by Ticks    39
2.7.5    Lyme Disease Caused by Ticks    39

3.    Veterinary Medicines: An Overview    40
3.1    Veterinary Pharmaceuticals    40
3.2    Veterinary Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)        40
3.3    Antibiotics    41
3.4    Veterinary Antifungal Drugs    41
3.5    Veterinary Anthelmintics (Parasiticides)    41
3.5.1    Internal Parasites and Parasiticides       42
3.5.2    Available Parasiticides (Dewormers) for Cattle    42
3.5.3    Deworming in Horses    43
3.5.4    Common Internal Parasites in Horses    45
3.5.5    Equine Deworming Products    45
3.5.6    Classes of Dewormers Used by U.S. Horse Owners    45
3.5.7    Purchase of Dewormers by the U.S. Horse Owners    46
3.5.8    Sources of Horse Health Information for the U.S. Horse Owners    47
3.5.9    Equine Deworming Programs    47
3.5.10    Drugs for Deworming in Horses    48
3.5.10.1    Benzimidazoles    49
3.5.10.2    Tetrahydropyrimidines    49
3.5.10.3    Heterocyclic Compounds    49
3.5.10.4    Macrocyclic Lactones    50
3.5.10.5    Isoquinoline-Pyrazines    50
3.5.11    Deworming for Mature Horses    50
3.5.12    Target Parasites in Horse Deworming    50
3.5.12.1    Tape Worm    50
3.5.12.2    Bots    51
3.5.12.3    Large Strongyles        51
3.5.12.4    Small Strongyles       51
3.6    Veterinary Biologics    53
3.6.1    Types of Veterinary Biologics    53
3.6.2    Status of Veterinary Vaccines    53
3.6.2.1    Veterinary Viral Vaccines        54
3.6.2.2    Conventional Live and Inactivated Viral Vaccines    55
3.6.2.3    DIVA Vaccines    56
3.6.2.4    Molecularly-Defined Subunit Vaccines    56
3.6.2.5    Genetically-Engineered Viral Vaccines    56
3.6.2.6    Live Viral Vector Vaccines    56
3.6.2.7    DNA Vaccines    56
3.6.2.8    Conventional Live Vaccines    57
3.6.2.9    Veterinary Bacterial Vaccines    57
3.6.2.10    Gene-Deleted Vaccines    60
3.6.2.11    Subunit Vaccines    61
3.6.2.12    Vaccines Against Zoonotic Bacteria    61
3.6.2.13    Veterinary Parasitic Vaccines    61
3.6.3    Animal Vaccines: Development, Registration and Production    61
3.6.3.1    Research and Innovation    62
3.6.3.2    Vaccine Types    64
3.6.3.3    Vaccine Development    64
3.6.3.4    Vaccine Registration    65
3.6.3.5    Vaccine Production    65
3.6.3.6    Adenoviral Vectors as Veterinary Vaccines    65
3.6.3.7    Live Recombinant Vaccines    65
3.6.4    Vaccinations for Swine Herds    66
3.6.5    Equine Vaccinations    67
3.6.6    Canine Vaccination    68
3.6.6.1    Core Canine Vaccines    68
3.6.6.2    Non-Core Canine Vaccines    69
3.6.7    Feline Vaccines    69
3.7     Other Veterinary Drugs    70
3.7.1    Antivirals    70
3.8    Veterinary Diagnostics    71
3.8.1    Immunoassays    72
3.8.2    Competitive Immunoassays    72
3.8.3    Sandwich Immunoassays    73
3.8.4    Animal-Site Rapid Immunoassays    73
3.8.5    Nucleic Acid Testing    73
3.8.6    Market Drivers    73
3.8.7    New Products in Veterinary Diagnostics    75
3.9    Animal Feed Additives    76
3.9.1    Types of Feed Additives    76
3.9.2    Enzymes    77
3.9.2.1    Enzymes for Breaking down Carbohydrates       77
3.9.2.2    Enzymes for Reducing the Phosphorus Burden of the Environment    78
3.9.3    Probiotics    78
3.9.4    Vitamins and Minerals    78
3.9.5    Pigments    79
3.9.6    Antibiotics    80
3.9.7    Preservatives    81
3.9.8    Amino Acids    81
3.9.9    Buffers       81
3.9.10    Magnesium Oxide    82
3.9.11    Niacin    82
3.9.12    Rumen-Protected Choline       82
3.9.13    Methionine Hydroxy Analog (MHA)    82
3.9.14    Ionophores    82
3.9.15    Yeast Products    83
3.9.16    Yucca Extract    83
3.9.17    Biotin    83
3.9.18    Zinc Methionine       83
3.9.19    Omega-3 and Omega-6 Fatty Acids       83
3.9.20    Antioxidants    84

4.    Global Livestock Production and Consumption: An Overview        85
4.1    Livestock Production for a Growing World Population    85
4.2    Cattle Population in Selected Countries    86
4.2.1    Exports and Imports of Beef and Veal    88
4.2.2    Revised Forecast for Beef and Veal in 2014    89
4.2.3    Beef Consumption in Selected Countries    90
4.3    Swine Population in Selected Countries    90
4.3.1    Higher Global Production of Pork    92
4.3.2    World Imports and Exports of Pork       94
4.3.3    Pork Consumption in Selected Countries    95
4.4    Expanding Global Broiler Meat Production    96
4.4.1    International Exports and Imports of Broiler Meat    96
4.5    Turkey Meat Production and Consumption    98
4.6    North American Cattle Inventory    98
4.6.1    U.S. Production of Livestock    99
4.6.2    U.S. Production of Cattle and Calf    100
4.6.3    U.S. Meat Consumption    101
4.6.4    Beef Consumption in the U.S.    102
4.6.5    U.S. Beef Export       103
4.6.6     U.S. Pork Export and Import    103
4.6.7    Canadian Livestock and Meat Industry    105
4.7    Brazilian Meat Export    105
4.7.1    Meat Production in Brazil       106
4.7.2    Chicken Meat Export from Brazil    107
4.7.3    Brazilian Beef Exports    107
4.8    Pig Production in the U.K.         108
4.9    Pig Production and Exports for Denmark    109
4.10    Japanese Imports of Pork     109

5.    Companion Animals: An Overview      111
5.1    The Power of Pets    111
5.2    Pets as Companions    111
5.3    Pets as Helpers    111
5.4    Pets as Social Enablers    111
5.5    Pets and the Elderly    112
5.6    Pets, Children, Social Development and Family Life    112
5.7    Global Population of Companion Animals    112
5.7.1    Global Diet Trends for Dogs    112
5.7.2    Global Diet Trends for Cats    113
5.8    Global Pet Ownership    113
5.9    U.S. Pet Population    114
5.9.1    Pet Ownership in the U.S.         115
5.9.2    Employment in Pet Health Sector in the U.S.         116
5.9.3    Reasons for Pet Ownership in the U.S.    117
5.9.4    Trends in U.S. Pet Industry    117
5.9.5    Pet Care Market in the U.S.    120
5.10    U.S. Horse Industry    120
5.10.1    Income Level of Families with Horses    122
5.10.2    Use of Horses in the U.S.    122
5.10.3    Expenditure on Horses in the U.S.    124
5.10.4    Vaccination for Horses    125
5.10.5    Most Common Horse Health Issues          126
5.10.6    Equine Herpes Virus Type I (EHV-1) in the U.S.    127
5.10.7    Health Issues of Friesian Horses in the U.S.    127
5.10.8    Most Common Health Issues in Friesian Horses    127
5.10.9    Colic Frequency in USDA’s General Equine Population and Friesian Horses    130
5.10.10    Comparison in the Frequency of Reproductive Ailments in Friesian Horses    131
5.10.11    Breakdown of Reproductive Ailments in Friesian Horses    131
5.10.12    Skin Issues in Friesian Horses    132
5.11    Canadian Equine Industry    132
5.11.1    Horses in Canada in 2010    133
5.11.2    Primary Uses of Horses in Canada    134
5.11.3    Cost of Horse Ownership in Canada    134
5.11.4    Economic Contributions from Horses in Canada    135
5.12    European Equine Industry       136
5.12.1    Pet Population Trends in the U.K.    137
5.12.2    Pet Ownership Trends in the U.K.    138
5.12.3    Pets in Germany    139
5.12.3.1    German Consumer Trends    140
5.12.3.2    Pet Food Product Developments in Germany    143
5.12.4    Pets in Switzerland    146
5.12.5    Pets in Canada    151
5.12.6    Pets in Australia    156
5.12.6.1    Pet Population Trends in Australia    156
5.12.6.2    Pet Consumer Expenditure in Australia    157
5.12.6.3    Australian Exports of Pets and Pet-related Products    160
5.13    Growing Pet Business Sector in Japan    162

6.    Animal Health: Market Analysis    166
6.1    Role of Animal Health Industry    166
6.1.1    Declining Number and Increasing Size of Animal Farms    166
6.1.2    Surge for Organic Food    166
6.1.3    Scarcity of New Vaccines    166
6.1.4    Trends in Workforce    166
6.1.5    The Bright Future of Nutraceuticals and Vaccines    167
6.1.6    Use of Phytomedical Products and Metabolic Modifiers in Animal Health    167
6.1.7    Influence of Transgenic Technologies and Genomics in Animal Health Market    167
6.2    Evolution of Animal Health Market    167
6.2.1    Global Animal Health Market Projection    168
6.2.2    Global Market Trends in Animal Health    169
6.2.3    Global Animal Health Market by Product Group    170
6.2.4    Global Animal Health Market by Geography        171
6.2.5    Global Veterinary Market by Species    172
6.2.6     Top Players in Animal Health    173
6.2.6.1    Zoetis’ Animal Health Market Share by Species    175
6.2.6.2    Merck’s MSD Animal Health Market by Species    176
6.2.6.3    Merial’s Veterinary Business by Species    177
6.2.6.4    Bayer’s Animal Health Market Share by Species    177
6.2.6.5    Elanco’s Animal Health Business by Species    178
6.2.6.6    Novartis’ Animal Health Market Share by Species    179
6.3    Sub-Sectors of Animal Health Products    180
6.4    U.S. Veterinary Positions    181
6.5    U.S. Market for Veterinary Health    182
6.5.1    U.S. Veterinary Market for Food Animals    183
6.5.2    U.S. Veterinary Market for Companion Animals    184
6.5.3    Future of Animal Health Market in the U.S.    184
6.5.4    U.S. Veterinary Service Industry    185
6.6    Veterinary Market in Brazil    185
6.6.1    Brazilian Veterinary Market by Species    186
6.6.2    Brazilian Veterinary Market by Product    187
6.6.3    Sales of Animal Health Products in Brazil    188
6.6.4    Growth in Brazilian Animal Health market    188
6.6.5    Proportion of MNC and Local Animal Health Companies in Brazil    189
6.6.6    Growth Rate in Brazilian Animal Health Market    190
6.6.7    Competitors in the Brazilian Market    191
6.7    Veterinary Market in Mexico    191
6.8    Animal Health Products Market in Europe    192
6.8.1    Animal Health Market in U.K.    193
6.8.1.1    U.K. Sales of Veterinary Medicines by Legal Category    195
6.8.2    Veterinary Industry in Slovakia    195
6.8.2.1    Veterinary Market Demand in Slovakia and Import of Veterinary Vaccines    195
6.8.2.2    Slovak Exports of Veterinary Vaccines    196
6.9    China’s Booming Animal Health Domestic Market    197
6.9.1    Great Promise for Vaccines in China    198
6.10    Veterinary Market in India          199
6.10.1    Indian Veterinary Market Size    200
6.10.2    Indian Animal Health Pharmaceuticals Market    200
6.10.3    Indian Animal Health Market Share by Species    201
6.10.4    Animal Health Market in India by Product Type    202
6.10.5    Indian Market for Animal Feed Additives    203
6.11    Global Market for Veterinary Vaccines    204
6.11.1    Veterinary Vaccine Market by Geography    205
6.11.2    Global Veterinary Vaccine Market by Species    205
6.12    U.S. Veterinary Vaccine Market    206
6.12.1    U.S. Market for Veterinary Pharmaceuticals and Vaccines    207
6.12.2    U.S. Investment in Research and Development in Veterinary Health    207
6.13    Veterinary Market for Companion Animals       208
6.13.1    Big Pharma’s Interest in Companion Animals    208
6.14    U.S. Pet Care Market Trends    210
6.14.1    Pet Insurance in the U.S.    210
6.14.2    Common Pet Conditions Eligible for Insurance Claims    213
6.14.3    Generics in Pet Drug Market in the U.S.    214
6.15    Expenditure on Companion Animals in Australia    215
6.15.1    Veterinary Services for Pet Animals in Australia    216
6.15.2    Overview of the Australian Veterinary Industry    217
6.15.3    Manufacturing of Veterinary Products in Australia    218
6.16    Global Market for Animal Feed Additives    218
6.16.1    Major Components of Animal Feeds    220
6.16.2    Primary Customers of Animal Feed Additives    220
6.16.3    Market Drivers in Feed Additives         221
6.16.4    North American Market for Animal Feed Additives    221
6.16.5    European Market for Animal Feed Additives      222
6.16.6    Asian Market for Animal Feed Additives    223
6.16.6.1    Indian Market for Animal Feed Additives    223
6.17    Global Market for Antibiotics in Animal Feeds    224
6.17.1    U.S. Exports of Antibiotics for Feed Production    225
6.18    Exports of U.S. Micro-Ingredients and Supplements for Feed Additives        228
6.19    Global Market for Animal Feed Enzymes    228
6.19.1    Ruminant Products    229
6.19.2    U.S. Exports of Enzymes for Feed Production    229
6.20    Vitamins as Feed Additives    230
6.20.1    U.S. Exports of Vitamins for Feed         231
6.20.2    U.S. Exports of Vitamin C for Feed Production    232
6.20.3    U.S. Exports of Vitamin A for Feed Production    233
6.20.4    U.S. Exports of Vitamin E for Feed Production    234
6.21    U.S. Exports of Benzoic Acid for Feed Production    234
6.22    U.S. Exports of Yeast for Feed Production    235
6.23    Dried Distillers Grains with Solubles (DDGS)    236
6.24    Aminoacids in Animal Feeds    237
6.24.1    The Quality of Proteins Required for Animal Feeds    237
6.24.2    Global Market for Aminoacids Used in Animal Feeds        239
6.24.3    Global Production of Lysine    240
6.24.4    Methionine in Feed Additives    240
6.25    Poultry and Feed Additives    241
6.25.1    Industrialized Poultry Production and Feed Additives         243
6.25.2    Methionine Production    243
6.25.3    Robust Demand for Methionine    244
6.25.4    Demand for Liquid vs. Powder Methionine    245
6.25.5    Supply of Methionine    245
6.26    Canine and Feline Nutraceuticals    246
6.27    Equine Nutraceuticals    246
6.28    Sources of Nutraceuticals    247
6.29    U.S. Market for Pet Nutraceuticals    247

7.    Company Profiles    250
7.1    Abaxis, Inc.    250
7.1.1    Selected Animal Health Products from Abaxis    250
7.1.2    VetScan Chemistry Profiles    251
7.2    Abbott Laboratories    253
7.2.1    Alpha TRAK Blood Glucose Monitoring System    253
7.2.2    CliniCare Canine/Feline    253
7.2.3    GLUture    253
7.2.4    IsoFlo    253
7.2.5    PropoFlo    254
7.2.6    PropoFlo 28    254
7.2.7    SevoFlo         254
7.3    Adiagene    254
7.4    Adisseo France SAS    255
7.5    Ameri-Pac Inc.    256
7.6    Aratana Therapeutics    256
7.7    Avian Biotech International    257
7.7.1    ABI’s DNA Sexing from Feathers    258
7.7.2    ABI’s Dot-Blot Sexing    258
7.8    BASF Aktiengesellschaft (BASF)    258
7.9    Bayer Healthcare AG    259
7.10    Biobest Laboratories Ltd.       262
7.11    BioPharma Products, LLC.    263
7.12    BioVet, Inc.    263
7.13    BioZyme, Inc    264
7.14    Boehringer Ingelheim Corp.    264
7.15    CEVA Santé Animale    264
7.16    CJ Corporation    266
7.17    Conklin Company Inc.    266
7.18    Dabaco Viet Nam Corporation    266
7.19    Dechra Pharmaceuticals PLC    267
7.20    DuPont Qualicon          267
7.21    ECO Animal Health Group    268
7.22    Elanco Animal Health, Inc.    268
7.23    Eurofins Genomics    269
7.24    Gene Check, Inc.         270
7.25    Heska Corporation    270
7.26    Huvepharma    271
7.27    Idexx Laboratories, Inc.    271
7.28    IWAKI & Co., Ltd.    274
7.29    Laboklin    274
7.30    Likarda, LLC    274
7.31    Lohmann Animal Health International, Inc.    275
7.32    Medika d.d.    275
7.33    Med-Pharmex, Inc    275
7.34    Merck & Co., Inc.    276
7.35    Merial    287
7.36    MetaMorphix, Inc.    288
7.37    Microbix Biosystems, Inc.    289
7.38    Momina krepost AD Veliko Tarnovo    289
7.39    Mosaic Company    289
7.40    Neogen Corporation    290
7.41    Nika Biochemicals    292
7.42    Norbrook Laboratories Ltd.    292
7.43    Novartis Animal Health    293
7.44    Novus International, Inc.    294
7.45    OptiGen        300
7.46    Orion Corporation    302
7.47    Ortho-Equine    302
7.48    Parnell    303
7.49    PETCO Animal Supplies, Inc.    303
7.50    PetSmart, Inc.    303
7.51    Phibro Animal Health Corporation (PAHC)    304
7.52    Phylaxia 1912 Holding NyRt    304
7.53    Piedmont Pharmaceuticals, LLC    304
7.54    Prionics AG    305
7.55    Randox Laboratories Ltd.    305
7.56    Sequent Scientific Limited          305
7.57    SmartVet    306
7.58    Skystar Bio-Pharmaceutical Company    306
7.59    The Arab Pesticides and Veterinary Drugs Mfg. Co.    306
7.60    VCA Antech, Inc.    306
7.61    Velefarm ad Beograd    308
7.62    Veterinarski Zavod Subotica ad Subotica    308
7.63    Vétoquinol    308
7.64    Vet-Stem    308
7.65    VGX Animal Health    309
7.66    Vical, Inc.    309
7.67    Virbac SA    309
7.68    Woogene B&G Co., Ltd.    310
7.69    Zoetis, Inc.    310

Appendix 1: U.S. Exports of Animal Feed    312
Appendix 1.1: Feed Products: An Overview    312
Appendix 1.1.1: Coarse Grains: Global and Domestic Production, and U.S. Export Prospects    312
Appendix 1.1.2: Wheat: Global and Domestic Production, and U.S. Export Prospects    312
Appendix 1.1.3: Oilseeds: Global and Domestic Production, and U.S. Export Prospects    313
Appendix 1.1.4: Fish Meal        314
Appendix 1.1.5: Meat and Bone Meal    315
Appendix 1.2: Compound Feed    316
Appendix 1.2.1: U.S. Exports of Complete Feed    316
Appendix 1.3: World Feed Crop Consumption    317
Appendix 1.3.1: World Consumption of Soybean Meal    317
Appendix 1.3.2: Global Feed Consumption of Corn    318
Appendix 1.3.3: Global Feed Consumption of Barley    319
Appendix 1.3.4: Global Feed Consumption of Fish Meal    319
Appendix 1.4: Tariff Matrixes for World Regions    320
Appendix 1.5: U.S. Trade Flow by Feed Ingredient and Region    323
Appendix 1.6: Animal Feed Consumption and Production in Caribbean and Central America    325
Appendix 1.6.1: Net Surplus/Deficit of Feed and Feed Ingredients    327
Appendix 1.6.2: Market Drivers    327
Appendix 1.6.3: Structure and Trends within the Industry    327
Appendix 1.6.4: Opportunities and Barriers    328
Appendix 1.7: Animal Feed Production and Consumption in China    328
Appendix 1.7.1: Net Surplus/Deficit of Feed Ingredients in China    328
Appendix 1.7.2: Barley Feed Production and Consumption in China    330
Appendix 1.7.3: Fish Meal Production and Consumption in China    331
Appendix 1.7.4: Opportunities in China for Animal Feeds    332
Appendix 1.7.5: Likely Market Drivers in China    332
Appendix 1.7.6: Structure and Trends in Chinese Animal Feed Industry    333
Appendix 1.7.7: Key Ingredients in Chinese Animal Feeds    333
Appendix 1.7.8: Opportunities vs. Potential Barriers in China    333
Appendix 1.8: Feed Production and Consumption in East Asia    334
Appendix 1.8.1: Net Surplus/Deficit of Feed and Feed Ingredients in East Asia    337
Appendix 1.8.2: Likely Drivers    337
Appendix 1.8.3: Structure and Trends of the Market    338
Appendix 1.8.4: Key Ingredients in East Asian Feeds    338
Appendix 1.8.5: Opportunities vs. Potential Barriers    338
Appendix 1.8.6: Niche Product Opportunities in East Asia    339
Appendix 1.9: Animal Feed Production and Consumption in Europe    339
Appendix 1.9.1: Net Surplus/Deficit of Feed and Feed Ingredients in Europe    340
Appendix 1.9.2: Origination Markets for E.U.    342
Appendix 1.9.3: Likely Market Drivers in Europe    342
Appendix 1.9.4: Structure and Trends in European Animal Feed Industry    343
Appendix 1.9.5: Key ingredients in European Animal Feeds    343
Appendix 1.9.6: Opportunities in Europe    344
Appendix 1.10: Animal Feed Production and Consumption in FSU (Kazakhstan, Russia and Ukraine)    344
Appendix 1.10.1: Likely Drivers of FSU Market    345
Appendix 1.10.2: Structure and Trends of Animal Feed Industry in FSU    345
Appendix 1.10.3: Key Ingredients in Feeds in FSU    346
Appendix 1.10.4: Opportunities and Barriers in FSU’s Market    346
Appendix 1.11: Animal Feed Production and Consumption in Middle East    347
Appendix 1.11.1: Net Surplus/Deficit    348
Appendix 1.11.2: Key Drivers in the Middle East    350
Appendix 1.11.3: Structure and Trends in the Animal Feed Industry    350
Appendix 1.11.4: Key Ingredients Used    351
Appendix 1.11.5: Opportunities and Barriers    352
Appendix 1.11.6: Opportunities for Niche Products    352
Appendix 1.12: Animal Feed Production and Consumption in North Africa (Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia)    352
Appendix 1.12.1: Net Surplus/Deficit of Feed and Feed Ingredients in North Africa    353
Appendix 1.12.2: Origination Markets for North Africa    355
Appendix 1.12.3: Likely Drivers in North African Market    355
Appendix 1.12.4: Structure and Trends in North African Animal Feed Industry    355
Appendix 1.12.5: Key Ingredients in North African Animal Feeds    356
Appendix 1.12.6: Opportunities and Potential Barriers    356
Appendix 1.12.7: Opportunities for Niche Products in North Africa    357
Appendix 1.13: North American (Canada and Mexico) Production and Consumption of Animal Feeds    357
Appendix 1.13.1: Net Surplus/Deficit of Feed and Feed Ingredients in North America    357
Appendix 1.13.2: Principal Animal Feed Markets for Canada and Mexico    359
Appendix 1.13.3: Likely Drivers of North American Market    361
Appendix 1.13.4: Structure and Trends in North American Animal Feed Industry    361
Appendix 1.13.5: Ingredients in North American Animal Feeds    361
Appendix 1.13.6: Opportunities and Potential Barriers    362
Appendix 1.13.7: Opportunities for Niche Products in North America    362
Appendix 1.14: Animal Feed Production and Consumption in Oceania (Australia and New Zealand)    363
Appendix 1.14.1: Net Surplus/Deficit of Feed and Feed Ingredients in Oceania    363
Appendix 1.14.2: Principal Origination Markets for Oceania    364
Appendix 1.14.3: Likely Drivers for Animal Feed Markets in Oceania    364
Appendix 1.14.4: Structure and Trends in Oceanic Animal Feed Industry    365
Appendix 1.14.5: Key Feed Ingredients in Oceanic Animal Feeds    365
Appendix 1.14.6: Opportunities and Potential Barriers    365
Appendix 1.14.7: Opportunities for Niche Products in Oceania         365
Appendix 1.15: Animal Feed Production and Consumption in Other Europe (Croatia, Norway and Serbia)    366
Appendix 1.15.1: Net Surplus/Deficit of Feed and Feed Ingredients in Other Europe    367
Appendix 1.15.2: Principal Origination Markets for Other Europe    367
Appendix 1.15.3: Likely Drivers of the Markets in Other Europe    367
Appendix 1.15.4: Structure and Trends within Animal Feed Industry in Other Europe    367
Appendix 1.15.5: Key Ingredients of Animal Feeds in Other Europe    368
Appendix 1.15.6: Opportunities and Potential Barriers    368
Appendix 1.16: Animal Feed Production and Consumption in South America (Chile, Ecuador, Colombia, Peru and Venezuela)    368
Appendix 1.16.1: Net Surplus/Deficit of Feed and Feed Ingredients in South America    369
Appendix 1.16.2: South America’s Origination Markets for Animal Feeds    370
Appendix 1.16.3: Likely Drivers in South American Market    373
Appendix 1.16.4: Structure and Trends within South American Animal Feed Industry    373
Appendix 1.16.5: Key Ingredients in South American Animal Feeds    373
Appendix 1.16.6: Opportunities and Potential Barriers    373
Appendix 1.17: Animal Feed Production and Consumption in South Asia (India)      374
Appendix 1.17.1: Net Surplus/Deficit of Feed and Feed Ingredients in India    374
Appendix 1.17.2: Principal Origination Markets for India    375
Appendix 1.17.3: Likely Drivers of Animal Feeds Market in India    376
Appendix 1.17.4: Structure and Trends within Indian Animal Feed Industry    377
Appendix 1.17.5: Key Ingredients in Indian Animal Feeds    377
Appendix 1.17.6: Opportunities and Potential Barriers    377
Appendix 1.17.7: Opportunities for Niche Products in India    378
Appendix 1.18: Animal Feed Production and Consumption in Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam)    378
Appendix 1.18.1: Net Surplus/Deficit    379
Appendix 1.18.2: Principal Origination Markets    380
Appendix 1.18.3: Likely Drivers of Southeast Asian Market    381
Appendix 1.18.4: Structure and Trends within Southeast Asian Animal Feed Industry    381
Appendix 1.18.5: Key Ingredients in Southeast Asia’s Animal Feeds    382
Appendix 1.18.6: Opportunities and Potential Barriers    382
Appendix 1.18.7: Opportunities for Niche Products    383
Appendix 1.19: Production and Consumption of Animal Feeds in Sub-Saharan Africa (South Africa)    383
Appendix 1.19.1: Net Surplus/Deficit of Feed and Feed Ingredients in South Africa    384
Appendix 1.19.2: Origination Markets for South Africa    386
Appendix 1.19.3: Likely Drivers of South Africa’s Animal Feed Market    386
Appendix 1.19.4: Structure and Trends within Sub-Saharan Market    386
Appendix 1.19.5: Key Ingredients of Animal Feeds in Sub-Sahara    386
Appendix 1.19.6: Opportunities and Potential Barriers in Sub-Saharan Market    387

Appendix 2: U.S. Dairy Industry    388

Appendix 3: Canadian Dairy Industry    395
Appendix 3.1: Organic Dairy Industry in Canada    396

Appendix 4: Global Poultry Market    397
Appendix 4.1: Changes in Industry Structure    400
Appendix 4.2: Poultry Market Horizons    400
Appendix 4.3: Areas of Increase    400
Appendix 4.4: Prospects for Global Broiler Trade    401
Appendix 4.5: Market Share of Broiler Exports    402
Appendix 4.6: Trends in Poultry Meat Imports    402
Appendix 4.7: E.U. Poultry Shares    403
Appendix 4.8: Trends in Poultry Meat Production    404
Appendix 4.9: Variations in Growth    404
Appendix 4.10: Market Weight    405
Appendix 4.11: Trade Developments in Poultry Meat    406
Appendix 4.12: Outlook for Egg Production       407
Appendix 4.13: Asian Analysis    408
Appendix 4.14: U.S. Egg Production and Trade    409
Appendix 4.15: Sales of Eggs    410

Appendix 5: Brazilian Chicken Industry    412

Appendix 6: Mexican Beef Industry    414
Appendix 6.1: Imports of Mexican Cattle into the U.S.    414
Appendix 6.2: Rising Beef Consumption in Mexico    415
Appendix 6.3: U.S. Export of Beef to Mexico    416

Appendix 7: Trade Names          417

Appendix 8: Abbreviations    429


INDEX OF FIGURES

Figure 3.1: Percentage of Type of Dewormers Used by the U.S. Horse Owners    44
Figure 3.2: Classes of Dewormers Used by Respondents    46
Figure 3.3: Purchase of Equine Dewormers by the Respondents    46
Figure 3.4: Sources of Horse Health Information for the U.S. Horse Owners    47
Figure 4.1: Steadily Growing Global Consumption of Animal Products, 1960-2010    85
Figure 4.2: Global Population of Cattle by Region, 2014    87
Figure 4.3: North American Cattle Inventory, 2005-2014    99
Figure 4.4: Retail Equivalent Value of U.S. Beef Industry, 2002-2012    100
Figure 4.5: Value of U.S. Cattle and Calf Production, 2002-2011    101
Figure 4.6: Per Capita Meat Consumption in the U.S., 2010-2021    101
Figure 4.7: Average Meat Consumption in the U.S.    102
Figure 4.8: Total U.S. Beef Consumption, 2002-2014         102
Figure 4.9: U.S. Beef Exports, 2007-2013    103
Figure 4.10: U.S. Pork Imports, 2009-2014    105
Figure 4.11: Brazilian Meat Export, 2009-2014    106
Figure 4.12: Meat Production in Brazil, 2003-2014    106
Figure 4.13: Chicken Meat Export from Brazil, 2000-2014    107
Figure 4.14: Value of Brazilian Beef Exports, 2007-2013    108
Figure 5.1: Global Diet Trends for Dogs    112
Figure 5.2: Global Diet Trends for Cats    113
Figure 5.3: Reasons for Pet Acquisition/Ownership    117
Figure 5.4: U.S. Pet Industry Spending, 2009-2013    119
Figure 5.5: U.S. Expenditure on Pets, 2001-2014    119
Figure 5.6: Income Level and Horse Owning in the U.S., 2012      122
Figure 5.7: Percentage Horse Population by Activity    123
Figure 5.8: General Uses of Horses in the U.S.    124
Figure 5.9: Concerns of Horse Owners for Equine Expenditure on Different Heads    125
Figure 5.10: Percentages of Vaccinations by Disease Conditions in the U.S.    126
Figure 5.11: Most Common Horse Health Issues in the U.S.    127
Figure 5.12: Fatalities in Friesian Horses    129
Figure 5.13: Equine Fatality According to USDA’s Report    129
Figure 5.14: Equine Fatality in Friesian Horses    130
Figure 5.15: Colic Frequency between USDA and Friesian Equine Populations    130
Figure 5.16: Comparison of Reproductive Ailments in USDA and Friesian Horses    131
Figure 5.17: Breakdown of Reproductive Ailments in Friesian Horses    131
Figure 5.18: Comparison of Skin Issues in USDA and Friesian Horses    132
Figure 5.19: Horses by Province in Canada, 2010    133
Figure 5.20: Primary Uses of Horses in Canada, 2010         134
Figure 5.21: German Imports of Pet Food, 2004-2009         141
Figure 5.22: Demographic Profile of German Households with Pets by Age, 2012    142
Figure 5.23: German Sales of Dog Food by Type and Volume, 2005-2013    142
Figure 5.24: Sales of Cat Food by Food Type and Volume in Germany, 2005-2013    144
Figure 5.25: Canadian Imports of Pet Food by Volume (Tons), 2006-2011    152
Figure 5.26: Trendline for Dog and Cat Populations in Australia, 1994-2013    156
Figure 5.27: Consumer Expenditure on Pet Care by Pet Type in Australia    158
Figure 5.27: Pet Food Market in Japan, 2005-2012    164
Figure 5.28: Japanese Market for Dog Food, 2006-2012    164
Figure 5.29: Japanese Market for Cat Food, 2005-2012    165
Figure 6.1: Evolution of Global Animal Health Market, 2000-2013    168
Figure 6.2: Global Veterinary Health Market forecast, 2010-2019    169
Figure 6.3: Global Market Trends in Animal Health, 1996-2009    170
Figure 6.4: Global Animal Health Market by Product Group, 2013    171
Figure 6.5: Global Animal Health Market by Geography, 2013          172
Figure 6.6: Global Animal Health Market by Species, 2013    172
Figure 6.7: Market Leaders and their Revenues from Animal Health, 2013    174
Figure 6.8: Share of Top Six Companies in Animal Health Market by Revenue, 2013    174
Figure 6.9: Share of Top Five Companies in Animal Health Market, in 2014    175
Figure 6.10: Zoetis Market Share by Species, 2013    175
Figure 6.11: Merck’s Market Share in Animal Health by Species, 2013           176
Figure 6.12: Merial’s Market Share in Animal Health by Species, 2010       177
Figure 6.13: Bayer’s Market Share in Animal Health by Species, 2010       178
Figure 6.14: Elanco’s Market Share in Animal Health by Species, 2010       179
Figure 6.15: Novartis’ Market Share in Animal Health by Species, 2010    179
Figure 6.16: U.S. Veterinary Health Market, 2003-2014    182
Figure 6.17: U.S. Veterinary Market for Food Animals, 2003-2013    183
Figure 6.18: U.S. Veterinary Market for Companion Animals, 2003-2013    183
Figure 6.19: Projected Market for Animal Health Products in the U.S., 2011-2019    184
Figure 6.20: U.S. Veterinary Service Industry Revenue Projection, 2012-2017    185
Figure 6.21: Brazilian Veterinary Market, 2008-2013    186
Figure 6.22: Brazilian Veterinary Market by Species, 2013    187
Figure 6.23: Brazilian Veterinary Market by Product, 2013    187
Figure 6.24: Animal Health Products Total Sales in Brazil, 2008-2013    188
Figure 6.25: Percent Growth in Brazilian Animal Health Market, 2009 and 2010         189
Figure 6.26: Total Sales Distribution of Products by Local and MNC Companies in Brazil, 2010    190
Figure 6.27: Market for Animal Health Products in Brazil, 2010-2015    190
Figure 6.28: U.K. Market for Animal Health Products, 2005-2013    194
Figure 6.29: Huge Potential in China’s Animal Drug Industry, 2007-2015    197
Figure 6.30: Market for Compound Chemical Veterinary Drugs in China, 2007-2014    198
Figure 6.31: Market for Veterinary Biological Drugs in China, 2007-2014    199
Figure 6.32: Market for Veterinary Vaccines in China, 2008-2015    199
Figure 6.33: Market Share of Top Five Veterinary Medicine Companies in India          200
Figure 6.34: Indian Animal Health Pharmaceutical Market, 1980-2014    201
Figure 6.35: Indian Animal Health Market Share by Species       202
Figure 6.36: Animal Health Market in India by Product, 2012        203
Figure 6.37: Indian Market for Animal Feed Additives, 2010-2017    203
Figure 6.38: Global Market for Veterinary Vaccines, 2011-2019    204
Figure 6.39: Veterinary Vaccine Market by Geography, 2012    205
Figure 6.40: Global Veterinary Vaccine Market by Species, 2010    206
Figure 6.41: U.S. Veterinary Vaccine Market, 2010-2017    206
Figure 6.42: U.S. Sales of Veterinary Pharmaceuticals and Vaccines, 2001-2010         207
Figure 6.43: U.S. Investment in Research and Development for Animal Health Products, 2001-2012    208
Figure 6.44: Percentage of Generics in U.S. Veterinary Pharmaceutical Market, 2014    215
Figure 6.45: Value of Veterinary Industry for Companion Animals in Australia, 2007-2009    217
Figure 6.46: Share of Global Market for Animal Feed Additives by Region, 2010-2017    219
Figure 6.47: Global Market for Animal Feed Additives, 2010-2019    219
Figure 6.48: North American Market for Animal Feed Additives, 2010-2019    222
Figure 6.49: European Animal Feed Additives Market, 2010-2019    222
Figure 6.50: Asian Market for Animal Feed Additives, 2010-2019    223
Figure 6.51: Market for Feed Additives in India, 2010-2019    224
Figure 6.52: Global Market for Antibiotics in Animal Health, 2010-2019    225
Figure 6.53: U.S. Exports of Streptomycin (Antibiotic) for Feed Production    226
Figure 6.54: U.S. Exports of Other Antibiotics    226
Figure 6.55: Breakdown of U.S. Exports of Feed Additives    228
Figure 6.56: Global Animal Feed Enzyme Market, 2009-2017    229
Figure 6.57: U.S. Exports of Enzymes for Feed Production    230
Figure 6.58: Market Share in Vitamins by Company, 2009    231
Figure 6.59: U.S. Exports of Pro-vitamins and Vitamins for Feed Production    232
Figure 6.60: U.S. Exports of Vitamin C for Feed Production    233
Figure 6.61: U.S. Exports of Vitamin A for Feed Production    233
Figure 6.62: U.S. Exports of Vitamin E for Feed Production (Five-Year Average), 2005-2009    234
Figure 6.63: U.S. Exports of Benzoic Acid for Feed Production    235
Figure 6.64: U.S. Exports of Yeast for Feed Production    235
Figure 6.65: U.S. Production and Export of DDGDS, 2009-2015    237
Figure 6.66: Aminoacid Composition of Protein in Soybean Meal and Wheat Compared to the Requirements for Fattening of Pigs        238
Figure 6.67: Aminoacid Content of a Mixture of Soybean Meal and Wheat Protein Relative to the Aminoacid Requirements of Fattening Pigs    238
Figure 6.68: Global Market for Aminoacids in Feed Additives, 2010-2019    239
Figure 6.69: Global Production of Lysine, 2006-2013     240
Figure 6.70: Methionine Value Proposition    241
Figure 6.71: Growth of Global Poultry Industry, by Volume, 2010-3030    242
Figure 6.72: Feedstock Requirement to Produce One Kg of Meat in Poultry, Pork and Beef    243
Figure 6.73: Leading Manufacturers of Methionine, 2010-2013    244
Figure 6.74: Current Usage of Methionine in Powder vs. Liquid Form    245
Figure 6.75: Total Capacities of Methionine, 2009-2015    246
Figure 6.76: U.S. Market for Nutraceuticals, 2011-2017    248
Figure 6.77: Market Share within the Companion Nutraceuticals Market, by Category, 2011-2013         248
Figure A1.1: U.S. Wheat Exports, 2011-2014    313
Figure A1.2: U.S. Exports of Oilseed Meal, 2000-2013    314
Figure A1.3: U.S. Fish Meal Exports, 2000-2012    315
Figure A1.4: U.S. Meat and Bone Meal Exports, 2000-2009    315
Figure A1.5: U.S. Exports of Complete Feed, 2000-2009    317
Figure A1.6: World Consumption of Soybean Meal, 2000-2020    318
Figure A1.7: World Use of Corn in Animal Feed, 2000-2020    318
Figure A1.8: World Use of Barley in Animal Feed, 2000-2020     319
Figure A1.9: World Use of Fish Meal in Animal Feed, 2000-2020    320
Figure A1.10: Central American and Caribbean Domestic Feed Production and Consumption of Soybean Meal, 1990-2020    325
Figure A1.11: Central American Domestic Feed Production and Feed Consumption of Corn, 1990-2020    326
Figure A1.12: China’s Feed Production and Feed Consumption of Corn, 1990-2020    329
Figure A1.13: Chinese Domestic Feed Production and Consumption of Barley, 1990-2020    330
Figure A1.14: Production and Consumption of Fish Meal for Animal Feeds in China, 1990-2020    331
Figure A1.15: East Asian Production and Total Consumption of Barley for Animal Feeds, 1990-2020    334
Figure A1.16: East Asian Production and Consumption of Soybean Meals in Animal Feeds, 1990-2020    335
Figure A1.17: East Asian Production and Consumption of Fish Meal for Animal Feeds, 1990-2020          336
Figure A1.18: E.U. Production and Consumption of Soybean Meal in Animal Feeds, 1999-2020    340
Figure A1.19: E.U. Production and Consumption of Fish Meal for Animal Feeds, 1999-2020    341
Figure A1.20: FSU Feed Production and Corn Usage, 1999-2020    345
Figure A1.21: Production and Consumption of Soybean Meal, 1999-2020    348
Figure A1.22: Middle East Production and Consumption of Fish Meal for Animal Feeds, 1999-2020    349
Figure A1.23: North African Production and Consumption of Corn in Animal Feeds, 1999-2020    353
Figure A1.24: North African Production and Consumption of Barley for Animal Feeds, 1999-2020      354
Figure A1.25: North American Production and Consumption of Corn in Animal Feeds, 1999-2020          358
Figure A1.26: North American Production and Consumption of Soybean Meal for Feeds, 1999-2020    359
Figure A1.27: North American Production and Consumption of Fish Meal for Animal Feeds, 1999-2020    360
Figure A1.28: Production and Consumption of Soybean Meal in Oceania, 2000-2020    364
Figure A1.29: Other Europe’s Fish Meal Production and Consumption in Animal Feed, 2000-2020      366
Figure A1.30: South American Corn Production and Consumption in Animal Feeds, 2000-2020    369
Figure A1.31: South American Barley Production and Consumption in Animal Feeds, 2000-2020        370
Figure A1.32: South American Soybean Meal Production and Consumption in Animal Feeds, 2000-2020    371
Figure A1.33: South American Fish Meal Production and Consumption in Animal Feeds, 2000-2020    372
Figure A1.34: South Asian Domestic Feed Production and Consumption Using Corn, 2000-2020       375
Figure A1.35: South Asian Domestic Feed Production and Consumption Using Soybean Meal, 2000-2020    376
Figure A1.36: South Asia’s Soybean Meal Production and Consumption in Animal Feeds, 2000-2020    379
Figure A1.37: Southeast Asia’s Production and Consumption of Fish Meal in Animal Feeds, 2000-2020    380
Figure A1.38: Sub-Saharan Production and Consumption of Corn in Animal Feeds, 2000-2020    384
Figure A1.39: Sub-Saharan Production and Consumption of Barley in Animal Feeds, 2000-2020    385
Figure A2.1: Dairy Operations with >500 Heads in the U.S., 1999-2013            388
Figure A2.2: Dairy Operations with 2,000+ Heads in the U.S., 1999-2009    389
Figure A2.3: Dairy Operations with <500 Heads in the U.S., 1999-2012          390
Figure A2.4: Milk Cow Inventory Distribution in the U.S., 1999-2009    391
Figure A2.5: Milk Production Distribution in the U.S., 1999-2009    391
Figure A2.6: Milk Production per Cow in the U.S., 1999-2009         392
Figure A2.7: Milk Production in the U.S., 1999-2009          393
Figure A2.8: Percentage of U.S. Milk Production—Top Ten States, 2013    394
Figure A3.1: Distribution of Dairy Production Centers in Canada    395
Figure A3.2: Organic Milk Production by Province in Canada, 2010    396
Figure A4.1: Global Meat Production by Type, 2009 and 2021    397
Figure A4.2: Global Poultry Meat Production by Region, 2009-2021    398
Figure A4.3: World Poultry Meat Production, 2000-2012    399
Figure A4.4: Outlook for World Broiler Production and Trade, 1999-2019    401
Figure A4.5: Projections for Export Market Share Percentage of Major Broiler-Meat Exporting Countries, 2005-2018    402
Figure A4.6: Trends in Poultry Meat Imports with Projections, 1990-2019    403
Figure A4.7: E.U. Poultry Shares by Country, 2010    403
Figure A4.8: Poultry Meat Production by Species, 2005-2010        404
Figure A4.9: Poultry Exports in Select Countries, 2013    407
Figure A4.10: Growth of Egg Production in the World, by Region: 1997-2030    409
Figure A4.11: U.S. Table Egg Exports, 2012    409
Figure A5.1: Brazilian Chicken Exports by Product Type, 2011    413
Figure A6.1: Total Imports of Mexican Cattle into the U.S., 2006-2013        414
Figure A6.2: Comparison of U.S. and Mexican Per Capita Consumption of Meat Protein, 2009    415
Figure A6.3: Export of U.S. Beef and Veal to Mexico, 2001-2013    416

 
INDEX OF TABLES

Table 2.1: Common Diseases in Cattle    25
Table 2.2: Common Diseases in Pigs    27
Table 2.3: Common Poultry Diseases    29
Table 2.4: Common Diseases in Pet Dogs    32
Table 2.5: Types of Tumor and Treatment for Companion Animals    37
Table 2.6: Therapeutics in Use for Treating Cancer in Companion Animals    38
Table 3.1: Three Common Veterinary Parasiticides    41
Table 3.2: Common Internal Parasites in Cattle    42
Table 3.3: Results of “Grazing through Feedlot Deworming Performance Trial” Using Safe-Guard/Panacur    42
Table 3.4: Available Dewormers for Cattle    43
Table 3.5: Kleinpeter Equine’s Newest Evidence-based Deworming Strategy    44
Table 3.6: Deworming Products and Parasites they Control    48
Table 3.7: Dewormers Available in the U.S.    49
Table 3.8: Interval after Deworming with Various Anthelmintics    51
Table 3.9: Chemical Classes of Dewormers    52
Table 3.10: Second Generation Licensed Veterinary Vaccines    54
Table 3.11: Veterinary Live Protozoal Vaccines    55
Table 3.12: Veterinary Killed/Subunit Protozoan Vaccines    55
Table 3.13: Commercially available DNA Vaccines in Veterinary Medicine    57
Table 3.14: Commercialized Veterinary Live Bacterial Vaccines    58
Table 3.15: Commercialized Inactivated Bacterial Vaccines in Veterinary Medicine    58
Table 3.16: Veterinary Protozoan Vaccines    61
Table 3.17: Examples of Live Recombinant Veterinary Vaccines Available in the Global Market    66
Table 3.18: Routinely Recommended Vaccination for Pigs    66
Table 3.19: Core Vaccinations for Horses    67
Table 3.20: Additional Vaccines for Horses    67
Table 3.21: Vaccines for Pregnant Mares    67
Table 3.22: Additional Equine Vaccines for Special Circumstances    68
Table 3.23: Antiviral Drugs in Veterinary Medicine    70
Table 3.24: Commercial Enzymes Used in Poultry Feed    77
Table 3.25: Essential Minerals for Livestock          79
Table 4.1: Annual Per Capita Consumption of Animal Products, 1980-2050    86
Table 4.2: Cattle Population in Selected Countries, 2009-2014         87
Table 4.3: Exports and Imports of Beef and Veal in Selected Countries, 2009-2014    88
Table 4.4: Production and Consumption of Beef and Veal in Selected Countries, 2009-2014    89
Table 4.5: Per Capita Consumption of Beef and Veal in Selected Countries, 2007-2011    90
Table 4.6: Swine in Selected Countries, 2009-2014    91
Table 4.7: Pork Production and Consumption in Selected Countries, 2009-2014        92
Table 4.8: Exports and Imports of Pork in Selected Countries, 2009-2014    94
Table 4.9: Consumption of Pork in Selected Countries, 2009-2014    95
Table 4.10: Production and Consumption of Broiler Meat in Selected Countries, 2009-2014    96
Table 4.11: Exports and Imports of Broiler Meat in Selected Countries, 2009-2014    97
Table 4.12: Production and Consumption of Turkey Meat in Selected Countries, 2009-2014    98
Table 4.13: U.S. Meat Animals Production and Income, 2011-2013    100
Table 4.14: U.S. Export of Pig Meat, by Volume, 2009-2013    104
Table 4.15: Canadian Pork Exports, 2009-2012    105
Table 4.16: U.K. Pig Meat Supplies and Demand, 2010-2014    108
Table 4.17: Production of Pigs in Denmark, 2007-2014    109
Table 4.18: Japan’s Import of Pig Meat, by Weight, 2007-2013    110
Table 5.1: International Comparison of Pet Ownership, 2009    114
Table 5.2: Global Pet Food Market Sizes by Country, 2007-2012    114
Table 5.3: U.S. Pet Population, 2013    115
Table 5.4: Pet Ownership in the U.S., 2012    115
Table 5.5: Industry Profile for Veterinarians in the U.S., 2013    116
Table 5.6: Pet Ownership Trends in the U.S., 1994-2013    118
Table 5.7: U.S. Pet Ownership Statistics for Specialty and Exotic Animals, 2012          118
Table 5.8: U.S. Expenditure on Dogs and Cats, 2013    119
Table 5.9: U.S. Pet Care Market, 2014    120
Table 5.10: Occurrences of Health Issues in Friesian Horses    128
Table 5.11: Annual Expenditure on Products and Services per Horse in Canada, 2010    134
Table 5.12: Annual On-Farm Direct Expenditures for Horses in Canada, 2010    135
Table 5.13: Number of Horses in Some European Countries, 2007    137
Table 5.14: Pet Population in U.K., 2013    138
Table 5.15: U.K. Pet Ownership Trends, 1994-2013    138
Table 5.16: The U.K. Pet Food Industry by Volume and Value, 2013    139
Table 5.17: Sales of Pet Food by Distribution Format in Germany, 2010    139
Table 5.18: Sales of Dog and Cat Food by Distribution Format in Germany, 2010    139
Table 5.19: German Pet Food Market, 2005-2012    140
Table 5.20: German Sales of Dog Food by Type and Value, 2013    143
Table 5.21: German Sales of Dog Food by Type and Value, 2005-2010           143
Table 5.22: Projected Sales of Dog Food in Germany by Volume, 2011-2015    143
Table 5.23: Projected Growth of Cat Food by Type, Volume and Value, 2011-2015    144
Table 5.24: German Sales of Cat Food by Value, 2005-2010    145
Table 5.24: German Sales of Cat Food by Value, 2005-2010    145
Table 5.25: Other Pet Populations in Germany, 2005-2011    145
Table 5.26: Sales of Pet Food for Other Pets by Type and Volume in Germany, 2005-2010    145
Table 5.27: Sales of Other Pet Food by Type and Value in Germany, 2005-2012      146
Table 5.28: Projected Sales of Food for Other Pets by Type and Volume in Germany, 2013-2015    146
Table 5.29: Projected Sales of Food for Other Pets by Type and Value in Germany, 2014 and 2015      146
Table 5.30: Pet Population in Switzerland, 2005-2012    147
Table 5.31: Import of Dog and Cat Food by Switzerland, 2008-2010    147
Table 5.32: Export of Dog and Cat Food from Switzerland, 2008-2010    148
Table 5.33: Import of Dog Biscuits by Switzerland, 2008-2010          148
Table 5.34: Export of Dog Biscuits from Switzerland, 2008-2010    149
Table 5.35: Value and Volume Sales of Pet Food in Switzerland, 2005-2010    149
Table 5.36: Value and Volume Sales of Other Pet Food in Switzerland, 2005-2010    150
Table 5.37: Pet Food Imports by Canada, 2006-2011    151
Table 5.38: Pet Food Market in Canada, 2007-2013    151
Table 5.39: Sales of Dog Food by Type, Volume and Value in Canada, 2007-2013    153
Table 5.40: Projected Dog Food Sales in Canada by Type, Volume and Value, 2014-2016      153
Table 5.41: Sales of Cat Food by Type, Volume and Value in Canada, 2007-2013    154
Table 5.42: Projected Sales of Cat Food in Canada, 2014-2016    154
Table 5.43: Sales of Other Pet Food by Type, Volume and Value in Canada, 2007-2013    155
Table 5.44: Population of Other Pets in Canada, 2005-2011    155
Table 5.45: Projected Sales of Other Pet Foods by Type, Volume and Value, 2014-2016    155
Table 5.46: Australian Pet Population, 2013       157
Table 5.47: Australian Pet Population, 1994-2013    157
Table 5.48: Breakdown of Consumer Expenditures on Pets in Australia, 2009    159
Table 5.49: Breakdown of Consumer Expenditure on Pets in Australia, 2013    159
Table 5.50: Sales of Pet Food by Sector in Australia, 2004-2009    160
Table 5.51: Australian Exports of Pets and Pet-Related Products, 1997-2009    160
Table 5.52: Australian Exports of Pets and Pet-Related Products by Country of Destination, 2009    161
Table 5.53: Consumer Expenditure on Pets in Australia, 2009       162
Table 6.1: Merial’s Revenues by Products, 2013    177
Table 6.2: Sub-Sectors of Animal Health Market    180
Table 6.3: U.S. Veterinary Positions, 2013    181
Table 6.4: Market Share of Major Competitors, 2009       191
Table 6.5: U.S. Exports of Veterinary Products to Mexico, 2007-2009    192
Table 6.6: Exports from Mexico to the U.S., 2007-2009    192
Table 6.7: Animal Health Products Market in Europe, 2012    193
Table 6.8: Animal Health Market by Species in U.K., 2005-2013    194
Table 6.9: U.K. Market for Animal Medicines by Product Category, 2005-2013    194
Table 6.10: Veterinary Medicine Sales by Legal Category in the U.K., 2005-2013    195
Table 6.11: Slovak Imports of Veterinary Vaccines, 2007-2009    196
Table 6.12: Export of Veterinary Vaccines from Slovakia, 2007-2009    196
Table 6.13: Indian Animal Health Market Size    202
Table 6.14: Selected Parasiticides Used in Small Animals    209
Table 6.15: U.S. Pet Care Market, 2013    210
Table 6.16: U.S. Pet Insurance Market, 2008-2014    211
Table 6.17: Veterinary Insurance Rates and Coverage for Dogs in the U.S., 2014         212
Table 6.18: Average Initial Claims for Common Pet Conditions in Pets, 2010    213
Table 6.19: CVM-Approved Veterinary Pharmaceuticals for Select Companies, 2014    214
Table 6.20: Expenditure for Veterinary Services for Companion Animals in Australia, 2008/2009    216
Table 6.21: Expenditure on Veterinary Services of Companion Animals in Australia, 2009    216
Table 6.22: Veterinary Services, Establishments, Enterprises and Employment in Australia, 2006-2009    217
Table 6.23: Australian Sales of Veterinary Chemical Products, 2004-2009    218
Table 6.24: Main Components of the Global Nutritional Feed Additive Business        220
Table 6.25: Primary Customers, Key Players and Market Role of Nutritional Feed Additives    221
Table 6.26: Sales and Distribution of Antimicrobial Drugs Approved for Use in Food-Producing Animals in the U.S., 2011    227
Table 6.27: Antibiotic Sales for Europe by Volume, 2013    227
Table 6.28: Industry Snap Shot of Vitamin A and E    231
Table 6.29: Global Export Data for U.S. Distiller’s Dried Grains with Solubles (DDGS), 2013-2014    236
Table 6.30: Average Inclusion Rates of Methionine in Broiler Feeds    245
Table 7.1: Animal Health Products from Adiagene    255
Table 7.2: Adisseo’s Animal Health Products    256
Table 7.3: Selected Animal Health Products from BASF    259
Table 7.4: Bayer’s Animal Health Products    260
Table 7.5: Elanco’s Poultry Products    268
Table 7.6: Elanco’s Swine Products    269
Table 7.7: Merck’s Veterinary Vaccines    276
Table 7.8: Novus’ Animal Health Products    294
Table 7.9: Zoetis’ Animal Health Products    311
Table A1.1: Import Tariffs Percentage on Grains    320
Table A1.2: Import Tariffs Percentage on Oilseeds    321
Table A1.3: Import Tariffs Percentage on Feed Ingredients    321
Table A1.4: Import Tariff Percentage on Enzymes and Yeast    322
Table A1.5: Import Tariffs Percentage on Antibiotics        322
Table A1.6: Import Tariffs Percentage on Pro-Vitamins and Vitamins    323
Table A1.7: U.S. Export Trade Flows for Feed Ingredients by Region, 1990-2020    324
Table A3.1: Number of Dairy Farms in Canada, 2000-2012    396
Table A4.1: Top-Ten Broiler Producing Companies in the U.S., 2011    399
Table A4.2: Forecast for World Poultry Meat, 2010-2019    399
Table A4.3: Global Poultry Meat Production by Region, 2000-2021    404
Table A4.4: World Slaughtering/Production by Region, 2000-2009    405
Table A4.5: Top-15 Countries for Egg Production, 1990-2010        408
Table A5.1: Brazilian Meat Exports, 2011    412
Table A5.2: Brazilian Chicken Meat Exports by Geographical Region, 2011    413
Table A7.1: Ingredients by Trade Name    417
Table A8.1: List of Abbreviations    429

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